1st Asia-Pacific Post Graduate Course in Neonatal and Paediatric Intensive Care Medicine

1st Asia-Pacific Graduate Course in Neonatal and Paediatric Intensive Care Medicine
Prestigious course series to be established in the Austral-Asia-Pacific Region
12 Apr 2010 to 15 Apr 2010


1st Asia-Pacific Post Graduate Course in Neonatal and Paediatric Intensive Care Medicine IS POSTPONED

Dear Colleagues,

This event is postponed. We will notify you later after rescheduling it.
We apologize for this inconvenient.

Organizing Committee,

A/Prof Andreas Schibler
Dr. Ch. Stocker
Dr. Simon Erickson
Dr. J. Puthucheary


The Use of APRV and Open Lung Management for Improving the Outcome of Lung Procurement for Transplantation

One of the most difficult organs to procure for donation is the lung. A detailed understanding of the physiology of mechanical ventilation and its effect on donor lungs is needed to impact on the outcome of lung transplantation. An organized protocol for mechanical ventilation management of the organ donor using the Open Lung Model may positively affect the number of organs that can be procured, and the function of these organs post transplant.
Based on physiologic principles, the use of new modes of ventilation may affect the modulation of cytokines, decrease the transmigration of organisms into the donor lung, ...


Haemodynamic Stability and Vasopressor Use During Low-dose Spinal Anaesthesia in the High Risk Elderly

Surgical repair of traumatic fractured neck of femur (DHS or hemiarthroplasty) in elderly patients is a frequent procedure performed in acute theatres in New Zealand. National data using public theatre coding statistics show that close to 2800 procedures for surgical repair of fractured neck of femur are performed per annum in New Zealand. This number has more than doubled over the past 5 years. International data on fractured neck of femur predict a 3-4 fold increase in the numbers presenting by 2050. (1) These rising trends are related to our aging population. Over the last century in developed countries ...


Comparison of Apache II, SOFA, and Modified SOFA Scores in Predicting Mortality of Surgical Patients in Intensive Care Unit

Intensive Care Units (ICUs) are equiped with many complex life support devices, which are key to monitoring intensive procedures performed by highly trained medical personels 24 hours a day. It is obvious that ICUs consume considerable operational resources and require very high maintenance cost. However, mortality rates of critically ill surgical patients remain very high regardless of technologically advanced centers. Dr. Hasan Sadikin ICU is the provincial referral ICU for West Java province. Unfortunately, due to financial limitations, as physicians, we face daily with the responsibility to select the best candidate to receive treatments. The patients mortality remains high ...


Gastric Emptying of Oral Nutritional Supplements Assessed by Ultrasound

Fasting has been the standard of many medical procedures such as upper endoscopic procedure, surgery, bronchoscopy and abdominal ultrasound imaging. Generally, the fasting recommendations follow The Canadian Anesthetist’s Society (CAS) and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) guidelines. In that recommendation, patients only received clear liquid which contains simple carbohydrate or water two to six hours prior to surgery. After three hours of meal body has to provide nutritions for itself by gluconeogenesis.
In addition to nutritional issues, gastric irritation and dehydration occur as well. All these conditions can have adverse effects on the patients pre and post-surgical outcomes.
Oral ...


Critical Care Economics

Health care costs represent a large percentage of the gross domestic product all over the world. According to the National Health Statistics Group, health care expenditure in the United States accounted for as much as 14% of the gross national product in 1992 and it is projected to reach 30% by 2030.
The intensive care unit (ICU) represents the hallmark of highly competent modern hospitals, offering highly trained staff and life-saving technology and it is also one of the most expensive units in the hospital.
Expenses related to running the ICU have been estimated at approximately 20% of total hospital costs, despite only representing 10% of all hospital beds.
Assisted mechanical ventilation particularly affects the high costs in the ICU. Actually, a mere of 1 million persons per year receive mechanical ventilation during their stay in the ICU. A variety of different approaches to stabilize or reduce costs in ...