Authors: Stella Kawilarang, Ketut Surya Negara
Background: High risk pregnancy and complication during pregnancy or labor may need multidisciplinary management in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). This study shows the characteristics of obstetric patients who were admitted to the ICU of Sanglah General Hospital Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia in 2013 to 2016.
Objective: Our study was performed to provide database in Sanglah General Hospital regarding to the intensive care management of obstetric patients in the ICU of Sanglah General Hospital. This data may be beneficial to provide better management in the ICU, and also to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity.
Design: This was a descriptive study using the secondary data from the medical records of obstetric patients who were admitted to the ICU of Sanglah General Hospital in 2013 to 2016.
Setting: This study was performed in the ICU of Sanglah General Hospital, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia.
Patients and participants: All obstetric patients who were admitted or transferred to ICU of Sanglah General Hospital in August 1, 2013 to August 31, 2016. There were 245 obstetric patients transferred to ICU of Sanglah General Hospital.
Result: Over the 3 years study period, there were 245 obstetric patients who were admitted to the ICU out of the total of 3089 deliveries during that period. Based on the gestational age during admission, there were 7.7% cases below 28 weeks (n=19), 36.3% were between 28-36 weeks gestational age (n=89), and 55.9% cases were 37 weeks and above (n=137). The indication of the admission can be categorized into the obstetrics indication, which were 75.1% out of 245 cases (n=184) and the non-obstetric indication such as the medical problem underlying during the pregnancy, which were about 24.9% out of 245 cases (n=61). The major indication of obstetric problem was the hypertensive disease in pregnancy, while the major indication of nonobstetric reason was the heart disease. The maternal mortality rate in the ICU during this study was 10.2% out of the 245 cases who were admitted to the ICU.
Conclusion: As the major tertiary referral hospital in Bali, Sanglah General Hospital were having high number of complicated pregnancy cases. The characteristics of the obstetric patients who were admitted to the ICU can be used to plan better management and appropriate care, especially in the ICU, in order to reduce the maternal mortality rate.