Authors: Thomas Lynch V, Brian T. Wessman
Patient WS is a 63-year-old male who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with a chief complaint of progressive shortness of breath (SOB) over the past two weeks. Associated symptoms at time of presentation included acute bilateral lower extremity edema, orthopnea, and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. His past medical history was significant for diabetes mellitus type II, hypertension, hypothyroidism, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, paroxysmal ventricular fibrillation, non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction of 25%), severe mitral valve regurgitation, and newly diagnosed adenocarcinoma of the colon. The patient’s surgical history was significant for bi-ventricular ICD placement and gastric sleeve surgery.