Intra-Abdominal Hypertension ?EAn Intensive Care Perspective

Introduction: Intra-abdominal hypertension isnow well recognized in intensive care patients. Increasing knowledge of the incidence, causes, pathophysiology and outcome of intra-abdominal hypertension has resulted in earlier and more definitive management of the condition in the last decade. Although these advances appear to have improved outcome, many issues remain controversial. Methods: A literature review of relevant papers was conducted. Conclusions: The incidence of intra-abdominal hypertension varies widely depending on the intra-abdominal pressure used to define the condition and the sub-group investigated. Monitoring intra-abdominal pressure by measuring urinary bladder pressure is simple and sufficiently accurate.