Respiratory sequelae after acute hypoxemic respiratory failure in children with meningococcal septic shock

In an observational follow-up study from 1999 to 2000, we assessed respiratory sequelae in the youngest survivors of meningococcal septic shock (MSS) with acute hypoxic respiratory failure (AHRF). We included children who survived from MSS and AHRF, with a maximum age of five at follow-up. AHRF was defined based on the first, second and fourth criteria of the American-European Consensus Conference (A-ECC) on the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).