Ventilator – Associated Pneumonia: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is a common and important problem in the ICU. It affects approximately 25 % of ICU patients. With the rise of mechanical ventilation throughout the world its occurrence will only increase. Mortality from VAP is in the range of 30-70%. With early diagnosis and treatment the mortality may be decreased. In this review we will discuss the pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of VAP. Through proper education and diagnosis we may be able to decrease the incidence of VAP and thereby decrease the complications of this very common problem.